Tarangire National Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania, it is located in Manyara Region. The name of the park originates from the Tarangire River that crosses the park. The Tarangire River is the primary source of fresh water for wild animals in the Tarangire Ecosystem during the annual dry season. The Tarangire Ecosystem is defined by the long-distance migration of wildebeest and zebras. During the dry season thousands of animals concentrate in Tarangire National Park from the surrounding wet-season dispersal and calving areas.
It covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers (1,100 square miles.) The landscape is composed of granitic ridges, river valley, and swamps. Vegetation is a mix of Acacia woodland, Commiphora-Combretum woodland, seasonally flooded grassland, and Baobab trees
The park is famous for its high density of elephants and baobab trees. Visitors to the park in the June to November dry season can expect to see large herds of thousands of zebra, wildebeest and Cape buffalo. Other common resident animals include waterbuck, giraffe, dikdik, impala, eland, Grant’s gazelle, vervet monkey, banded mongoose, and olive baboon. Predators in Tarangire include African lion, leopard, cheetah, caracal, honey badger, and African wild dog.Home to more than 550 bird species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts.The park is also famous for the termite mounds that dot the landscape. Those that have been abandoned are often home to dwarf mongoose.In 2015, a giraffe that is white due to leucism was spotted in the park. Current wildlife research projects in the park include the Tarangire Elephant Project, Tarangire Lion Project, and Masai Giraffe Conservation Demography Project.
1.South east of Lake Manyara, 120 km from Arusha, Tarangire National Park is a good mix of plain, swamp and lake, resulting in a wide ranging wildlife population.Striking for its proliferation of baobab trees, its tree climbing pythons, and for its large herds of elephant, Tarangire is almost two different places. During the rainy season, it is green, lush, and wildlife is a little more dispersed throughout. However, during the dry season, the only source of water is the Tarangire River, and then the density of wildlife rivals anywhere else in East Africa – except perhaps the Serengeti.